Brushing & Flossing

Why is brushing and flossing so important?

  • Brushing and flossing protect teeth from tooth decay by removing food and plaque from the teeth.
  • Plaque is the main cause of tooth decay and gum disease .
  • Flossing reaches places that the toothbrush can’t.

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How do I brush my teeth?

  • Brush teeth at least twice a day.
  • Choose a toothbrush with soft bristles and be sure it is the right size – generally smaller is better than larger.
  • Place the bristles at a 45 degree angle against the gums and vibrate slightly from side to side. Then sweep away from the gums (down from the top teeth and up from the bottom teeth), at least 5 times in each area.
  • Tilt the toothbrush to brush inside surfaces of the front teeth, and always brush away from the gums.
  • Scrub the chewing surfaces back and forth.
  • Finish by brushing the tongue and rinsing the mouth.
  • Rinse tooth brush after each use and allow to dry.
  • Replace toothbrush every 3 month.

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Pictures of how you floss your teeth. How do I floss my teeth?

Floss teeth once a day.

  1. Wrap the floss around the middle fingers. The floss should be approximately an arm's length or 60 cm long
  2. For the upper teeth, use the index finger and the thumb to guide the floss. The thumb should be on the outside surface of the teeth.
  3. Use the two index fingers for flossing the lower teeth. The fingers guiding the floss should not be more that 2.5 cm apart.
  4. Gently insert floss between the teeth by moving it back and forth. Do not force the floss between the teeth or press down so hard that the gums bleed.
  5. Gently curve the floss into a C-shape moving the floss up and down two or three times. Move the floss over to the side of the neighbouring tooth and repeat. Floss holders are available for those who find flossing difficult.

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