Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)

What is Gum Disease?

  • Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection that attacks the gums and bone that support the teeth. It is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults.
  • Gum disease is quite often painless and in the early stages, difficult to recognize.
  • Caught in the early stages the disease is easier to treat.

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What causes gum disease?

  • Plaque (a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth) is the major cause of gum disease.
  • Tobacco use , smoking and chewing.
  • Hormonal changes (for example pregnancy).
  • Your overall general health.

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How can I prevent gum disease?

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What are some warning signs of gum disease?

  • Gums bleed when brushing and flossing.
  • Constant bad breath or bad taste in your mouth
  • Gums are red and swollen and/or tender.
  • Gums are shrinking away from your teeth.
  • Teeth that appear to be loose.
  • Teeth seem to have changed position.

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