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Female Sterilization (Tubal Ligation)

Female sterilization is a permanent surgical procedure that involves cutting the Fallopian (egg) tubes.

How does it work?

  • When the Fallopian tubes are cut and tied, sperm cannot reach the egg to fertilize it.

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How effective is it?

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Who can use this method of birth control?

  • Female sterilization is ideal for women who are certain they do not want to have any more children.

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Where can I get it and what is the cost?

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What are the advantages and disadvantages of female sterilization?


  • Sexual pleasure may be greater since pregnancy is no longer a concern.
  • Sexual drive, performance and enjoyment are not affected.
  • Sterilization is permanent and is highly effective.
  • Allows the woman to be in control of her reproductive health.


  • Sterilization is permanent. Some people may change their mind after the sterilization is done.
  • Reversal is expensive and not very successful.
  • It offers no protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) .

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