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Male Sterilization

Sterilization is a surgical procedure, which involves cutting the vas deferens, which prevents the sperm and egg from joining (prevents fertilization). This procedure is permanent and is commonly known as a vasectomy.

How does male sterilization work?

  • Through surgery, the sperm ducts are cut or tied off.
  • A man continues to ejaculate but his semen does not contain sperm.

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How effective is it?

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Where can I get this procedure done?

  • Contact your doctor for more information.
  • Male sterilization is currently covered by OHIP.

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What are the advantages and disadvantages to male sterilization?


  • Sexual pleasure may be greater since pregnancy is no longer a concern.
  • Sexual drive, performance and enjoyment are not affected.
  • Sterilization is permanent and is highly effective.


  • A back up method of  birth control is necessary after a vasectomy until the semen no longer contains sperm.
  • If you change your mind after having a vasectomy, a reversal is expensive and is not always successful.
  • Sterilization does not provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) .

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