2014 Oral Health Indicator Report

Purpose of the Health Indicator Report

To provide information about self-perceived oral health, dentate status, and having been to a dental care provider for a preventative visit in the last year, among adults aged 18 and over living in Halton Region.

Background

Maintaining good oral health is an important component of an individual’s overall health. Poor oral health can have debilitating effects on one’s quality of life by affecting their physical, mental and social well being.1 Cavities and gum disease may be contributing factors to many chronic conditions, such as diabetes and respiratory diseases.2 Brushing, flossing and visiting a dental care provider regularly are all steps that can be taken to maintain good oral health and may lower the risk of developing these chronic conditions.1

This Health Indicator Report uses data from the Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System.

Key Findings

Self-Perceived Oral Health Status

Trends Over Time

  • In 2014, 66% of Halton adults reported having very good or excellent (combined) oral health. From 2004 to 2014 the percentage of adults in Halton who reported having very good or excellent oral health (combined) increased from 58% to 66%, and this increase was statistically significant.

Sex

  • In 2014, Halton females were more likely than males to report very good or excellent (combined) oral health, and this difference was statistically significant.

Age

  • In 2014, there were no significant differences by age in the percentage of Halton adults who reported having very good or excellent (combined) oral health.

Municipality

  • In 2014, there were no significant differences by municipality in the percentage of Halton adults that reported having very good or excellent (combined) oral health.

Income

  • In 2014, the percentage of Halton adults who reported having very good or excellent (combined) oral health increased as income increased. This difference was statistically significant when comparing adults in the low income group to adults in the middle and high income groups.

Education

  • In 2014, Halton adults aged 25 and over who were post-secondary graduates were more likely to report having very good or excellent (combined) oral health compared to adults who were not post-secondary graduates. This difference was statistically significant.

Dentate Status

Trends Over Time

  • In 2014, 57% of Halton adults reported having all of their natural teeth (dentate), 40% reported having some of their natural teeth (partially dentate) and 3% reported having none of their natural teeth (edentulous). There were no statistically significant changes in dentate status from 2004 to 2014.

Sex

  • In 2014, there were no statistically significant differences by sex in the percentage of Halton adults who reported having all of their natural teeth.

Age

  • In 2014, the percentage of Halton adults who reported having all of their natural teeth decreased with age. This difference was statistically significant when comparing adults aged 18-24 to adults aged 45-64 and 65+, when comparing adults aged 25-44 to adults aged 45-64 and 65+, and when comparing adults aged 45-64 to adults aged 65+.

Municipality

  • In 2014, there were no significant differences by municipality in the percentage of Halton adults who reported having all of their natural teeth.

Income

  • In 2014, Halton adults in the low income group were the least likely to report having all of their natural teeth followed by the high income group and the middle income group. This difference was statistically significant when comparing adults in the low income group to adults in the middle income group.

Education

  • In 2014, Halton adults aged 25 and over who were post-secondary graduates were more likely to report having all of their natural teeth compared to adults who were not post-secondary graduates. This difference was statistically significant.

Preventative Visits to Dental Care Provider

Trends Over Time

  • From 2004 to 2014 the percentage of adults in Halton who reported having been to a dental care provider in the last year increased from 80% to 87%, and this increase was statistically significant.
  • From 2004 to 2014 the percentage of adults in Halton who reported having been to a dental care provider for a preventative visit in the last year increased from 66% to 75%, and this increase was statistically significant.

Sex

  • In 2014, there were no statistically significant differences by sex in the percentage of Halton adults who reported having been to a dental care provider for a preventative visit in the last year.

Age

  • In 2014, there were no significant differences by age in the percentage of Halton adults who reported having been to a dental care provider for a preventative visit in the last year.

Municipality

  • In 2014, there were no significant differences by municipality in the percentage of Halton adults who reported having been to a dental care provider for a preventative visit in the last year.

Income

  • In 2014, the percentage of Halton adults who reported having been to a dental care provider for a preventative visit in the last year increased as income increased. This difference was statistically significant when comparing adults in the low income group to adults in the middle and high income groups.

Education

  • In 2014, Halton adults aged 25 and over who were post-secondary graduates were more likely to report having been to a dental care provider for a preventative visit in the last year compared to adults who were not post-secondary graduates. This difference was statistically significant. 

References

  1. Canadian Dental Association. 2015. Oral Health –Good for Life. Accessed May 20th 2015, from http://www.cda-adc.ca/en/oral_health/cfyt/good_for_life/ (external link)
  2. Health Canada. 2009. The Effects of Oral Health on Overall Health. Accessed May 20th, 2015 from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/life-vie/dent-eng.php (external link)