2007 - 2012 Tobacco Use Among Young Adults Aged 18-34 in Halton and Ontario

This report summarizes the prevalence of smoking in young adults aged 18 to 34 in Halton region, along with the factors found to be associated with tobacco use. It is a first step in identifying who the young adult tobacco-users are in Halton Region, as this population may be considered at risk for tobacco use uptake and is currently under-served in terms of tobacco prevention and cessation programs. For 2007-2012 rates of tobacco use in young adults aged 18-34 were similar between Halton and Ontario (22% and 25%, respectively). In Halton there was no difference in the smoking rate for males and females, whereas smoking rates were found to be higher in males in Ontario compared to females.

The following factors were associated with tobacco use for young adults in Halton and Ontario:

  • Adults in the lowest income group were more likely to be smokers than those in the highest income group
  • Illicit drug users were more likely to be smokers than non-illicit drug users (2009-2012 combined)

Provincially, there were additional significant differences found for young adults aged 18-34 for 2007-2012:

  • Smoking decreased as education increased
  • Those who were in a common law relationship were the most likely to be a current smoker, followed by singles, and lowest among those who were married
  • Smoking increased as average daily alcohol consumption increased

These provincial trends were also seen in Halton, however they were not statistically significant.

The limited sample size and combining multiple years of data may have hidden changes over time, and may have made true differences difficult to detect. For this reason further investigation needs to be done in order to better understand this population