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1151 Bronte Road, Oakville
Ontario, Canada, L6M 3L1
Phone: Dial 311 or
Toll free: 1-866-442-5866
Email Halton Region
Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus. There are around 150 new cases of hepatitis B reported each year in Ontario.
There is no treatment. Most people get well, but about 10 per cent will carry the virus for life and keep infecting other people. Some people will continue to have liver problems for the rest of their lives. Serious liver disease from hepatitis B virus can lead to liver cancer and even death.
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Hepatitis B is spread through contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person. In Canada, hepatitis B is mainly spread through unprotected sexual contact.
It can also be spread through body/ear piercing or tattooing with infected equipment, through sharing used needles, or from an infected mother to her child at birth.
People with hepatitis B often become tired, feverish, lose their appetite, have abdominal pain, vomiting and/or diarrhea. They may have pale greyish stools or very dark urine.
Sometimes they get yellow skin and eyes (called “jaundice”).
The hepatitis B vaccine should not be given to anyone who has:
The hepatitis B vaccine is very safe. The most frequent side effect is mild soreness, swelling and redness at the site where the vaccine is given. Some people get a mild fever (no greater than 37.7ºC). Side effects go away after a day or two. Serious side effects are rare.
The hepatitis B vaccine is not required by law. However, your child will be at risk of getting hepatitis B if you decide not to vaccinate.
For problems or questions regarding this site, please email Halton
or dial 311 or 905-825-6000
Toll free 1-866-4HALTON (1-866-442-5866) | TTY: 905-827-9833
Halton Region is composed of
the City of Burlington,
the Town of Halton Hills,
the Town of Milton,
and the Town of Oakville .