2013 - 2014 Self-Rated General Health Indicator Report

Purpose of the Health Indicator Report

To provide information about self-rated general health among residents aged 12 and older living in Halton Region and Ontario.

Background

The World Health Organization defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. Self-rated health is a relative measure as people assess their health in relation to their own expectations, circumstances and their peers. Although it is a relative measure, evidence has shown that self-rated health is a reliable indicator of overall health status. Self-rated health has also shown to be predictive of future development of chronic conditions and mortality.

This health indicator report uses data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS).

Key Findings

  • In 2013/14, 65% of Halton residents and 60% of Ontario residents reported their health as very good or excellent. There were no statistically significant trends over time between 2001 to 2013/14 in Halton or Ontario.
  • The percentage of Halton residents who reported their health as very good or excellent was higher when compared to Ontario residents. This difference was statistically significant every year except for 2007/08.

Sex

  • In 2013/14, there was no statistically significant difference by sex in the percentage of Halton residents who reported their health as very good or excellent.

Age

  • In 2013/14, Halton residents aged 12-17 and 25-44 were more likely than all other age groups to report their health as very good or excellent. These differences were statistically significant when comparing adults aged 12-17 and 25-44 to adults aged 65+.

Municipality

  • In 2013/14, residents in Oakville were more likely than residents in Milton to report their health as very good or excellent, however this difference was not statistically significant.

Income

  • In 2013/14, the percentage of Halton residents who reported their health as very good or excellent increased as income increased, these differences were statistically significant when comparing the lowest income group to the highest income group.

Education

  • In 2013/14, the percentage of Halton adults who reported their health as very good or excellent was higher among those who were post-secondary graduates compared to those who were not post-secondary graduates, and this difference was statistically significant.