Cleaning - Recommendations to prevent disease and injury associated with petting zoos in Ontario

Cleaning procedures should be tailored to the specific situation.

Petting zoo operators/staff should:

  • Promptly remove manure and soiled animal bedding from animal areas.
  • Avoid transporting manure or soiled bedding through non-animal areas. If this is not possible, operators/staff should place the manure or soiled bedding in an enclosed container to avoid spillage or aerosolization – the creation of a fine mist or spray containing minute particles.
  • Clean all surfaces thoroughly to remove organic matter before disinfection.
  • Where feasible, clean, rinse and disinfect animal areas (e.g., flooring and rails) at least once daily.
  • When disinfection is not possible (i.e., wooden rails, outdoor exhibits with natural flooring or during freezing weather), remove fresh organic material regularly to prevent build-up.

Keep visitors away from:

  • Wastewater runoff and animal waste.
  • Animal areas that are being cleaned and disinfected.
  • Tools used for cleaning, disinfection and waste removal.
  • Manure storage areas.
  • Thoroughly clean, rinse and disinfect all areas where animals have been displayed before those areas are used for future public (non-animal) events, such as weddings and dances.

Materials with smooth, impervious surfaces (e.g., steel, plastic, and sealed concrete) are easier to clean than other materials (e.g., wood or dirt floors). Metal railings are recommended; however, disinfection of wooden rails can be aided by painting them with two coats of marine-quality varnish.

Most disinfectants require at least 10 minutes of contact with a surface to work.

Examples of the dilution of disinfectants
  Bleach Quaternary Ammonium
  Metric Imperial Metric Imperial
Disinfectant 10 ml 2.5 tbsp 1 ml ¾ tsp
Water 1 L 1 gallon 1 L 1 gallon

Under Ontario Regulation 267/03 (General) made under the Nutrient Management Act, 2002, manure storage areas must be placed at least:

  • 45 m (49.2 yards) from a drilled well with a depth of at least 15 m (16.4 yards) and a water-tight casing to a depth of at least 6 m (6.56 yards) below ground level.
  • 90 m (98.4 yards) from any other type of well (except a municipal well).
  • 100 m (109.4 yards) from a municipal well.
  • 100 m (109.4 yards) from a single residence.
  • 250 m (273.4 yards) from a residential area.