Anaphylaxis

What is Anaphylaxis?

  • Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects many parts of the body at once and is potentially life threatening.
  • It can occur within minutes or hours of contacting a specific trigger.
  • It can even be caused by latex or strenuous exercise (The Complete Kid’s Allergy and Asthma Guide: The Parent’s Handbook for Children of All Ages, 2003).

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How common is Anaphylaxis?

  • It is estimated that 1% - 2% of the Canadians are at risk of anaphylaxis (from food and insect allergy).

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What are the most common trigger?

  • Food
    • peanut
    • tree nuts (e.g. almonds, hazelnut, cashew, pistachio, etc)
    • milk
    • egg
    • fish
    • shellfish
    • sesame seeds, soy and wheat (in smaller amounts)
  • Medications
  • Rubber Latex
  • Insect venom (e.g. wasps, hornets, bees)
  • Exercise (Exercise-induced anaphylaxis is caused by eating a certain food within a few hours of exercise. The food alone might not cause a reaction, but together with exercise, it does)

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Anaphylaxis and schools

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