2015 Support for Smoke-Free Multi-Unit Dwellings Indicator Report

Purpose of the Health Indicator Report

To assess the support among adults aged 18 and over in Halton Region for legislation to make multi-unit dwellings (MUDs) smoke-free.

Background

The Smoke-Free Ontario Act was established to help reduce Ontarians exposure to second-hand smoke in enclosed areas such as public places and workplaces, restaurants, bars, casinos, vehicles and common areas of multi-unit dwellings (MUDs). However, second-hand smoke can still seep into MUDs from neighbouring dwellings through shared indoor spaces, ventilation systems, windows and doors. Second-hand smoke is known to cause cancer, respiratory problems, coronary heart disease and stroke. It has also been linked to respiratory problems, low birth weight and an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in children.

Smoke-free MUD policies also have clear economic and property protection benefits to landlords. Smoke-free MUDs have lower maintenance and repair costs, higher resale values, reduced insurance premiums and a lower risk of fire damage than smoker units.

This Health Indicator Report uses data from the Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System (RRFSS).

Key Findings

  • From 2011 to 2015 the percentage of adults in Halton who reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs increased from 70% to 75% and this increase was statistically significant. Specifically:
    • 45% reported that they would support a ban on smoking in all inside and outside MUD spaces
    • 26% reported that they would support a ban on smoking in all inside and some outside MUD spaces
    • 4% reported that they would support a ban on smoking in all inside spaces and either don’t know or do not support a ban on outside spaces.
  • From 2011 to 2015 the percentage of adults in Halton who reported that they would oppose a smoking ban inside MUDs decreased from 31% to 25% and this decrease was statistically significant.

Sex

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by sex in the percentage of Halton adults who reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs.

Age

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by age in the percentage of Halton adults who reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs.

Municipality

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by municipality in the percentage of Halton adults who reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs.

Income

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by income in the percentage of Halton adults who reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs.

Education

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by education in the percentage of Halton adults who reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs.

Smoking Status

  • In 2015, the percentage of Halton adults who reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs was higher among those who never had smoked compared to current and former smokers, and these differences were statistically significant.

Type of Dwelling

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by type of dwelling in the percentage of Halton adults who reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs.
    • 75% of those who do not live in MUDs reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs
    • 73% of those who do live in MUDs reported that they would support a ban on smoking inside MUDs

References

  1. Smoke-Free Housing Ontario. 2016. Landlords. Accessed October 2016 (external link)
  2. The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. 2014. Tobacco smoke entering homes in multi-unit dwellings in Ontario. Accessed October 2016 (external PDF)