2015 Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Indicator Report

Purpose of the Health Indicator Report

To provide information about consumption of fruits and vegetables five or more times per day among adults aged 18 and over living in Halton Region.

Background

A healthy diet incorporating a variety of fruits and vegetables may lower your risk of heart disease and some types of cancers.1 Canada’s Food Guide recommends females aged 19-50 consume 7-8 servings of fruits and vegetables per day, males aged 19-50 consume 8-10 servings of fruits and vegetables per day, and all adults aged 51+ consume 7 servings of fruits and vegetables per day.2

This Health Indicator Report uses data from the Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System.

Key Findings

  • In 2015, 31% of Halton adults reported consuming fruits and vegetables five or more times per day.
  • From 2005 to 2015 the percentage of adults in Halton who reported consuming fruits and vegetables five or more times per day decreased from 41% to 31% and this decrease was statistically significant.

Sex

  • In 2015, Halton females were more likely than males to report consuming fruits and vegetables five or more times per day, and this difference was statistically significant.

Age

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by age in the percentage of Halton adults who reported consuming fruits and vegetables five or more times per day.

Municipality

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by municipality in the percentage of Halton adults who reported consuming fruits and vegetables five or more times per day.

Income

  • In 2015, the percentage of Halton adults who reported consuming fruits and vegetables five or more times per day increased as income increased. This difference was statistically significant when comparing the low income group to the high income group.

Education

  • In 2015, the percentage of Halton adults who reported consuming fruits and vegetables five or more times per day was higher among those who were post-secondary graduates compared to those who were not post-secondary graduates, and this difference was statistically significant.

References

  1. Health Canada. 2008. Vegetables and Fruit. Accessed June 2016 from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/food-guide-aliment/choose-choix/fruit/index-eng.php
  2. Health Canada. 2008. How Many Food Guide Servings of Vegetables and Fruit Do I Need? Accessed June 2016 from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/food-guide-aliment/choose-choix/fruit/need-besoin-eng.php