2015 Seat Belt Use Indicator Report

Purpose of the Health Indicator Report

To provide information about self-reported seat belt use among both drivers and passengers aged 18 and over in Halton Region.

Background

The use of a seat belt is the single most effective way to reduce injuries and death in motor vehicle collisions. Research shows that seat belts can reduce serious crash-related injuries and deaths by approximately half. It is imperative that all Ontario motor drivers and passengers wear a seat belt that is properly adjusted and securely fastened.

Ontario’s seat belt law was established on January 1st, 1976. If violated, Ontario’s seat belt law can result in a fine between $200 and $1000 and two demerit points. Evidence shows that Ontario’s seat belt law is effective and contributes to overall road safety. According to a Transport Canada survey from 2009-2010, approximately 96% of Ontarians report wearing their seat belts regularly.

This Health Indicator Report uses data from the Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System (RRFSS).

Key Findings

Trends Over Time

  • In 2015, 99% of Halton drivers reported wearing a seat belt all of the time while driving a vehicle and 97% of Halton adults reported wearing a seat belt all of the time as a passenger.
  • From 2002 to 2015 the percentage of Halton drivers who reported wearing a seat belt all of the time increased from 94% to 99%.This increase was statistically significant.
  • From 2002 to 2015 the percentage of Halton adults who reported wearing a seat belt all of the time as a passenger in a vehicle increased from 92% to 97%. This increase was statistically significant.
  • From 2002 to 2015, the use of seat belts has been slightly lower among passengers compared to drivers. These differences were statistically significant in 2010 and 2015.

Seat Belt Use Among Drivers

Sex

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by sex in the percentage of Halton drivers who reported always wearing a seat belt.

Age

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by age in the percentage of Halton drivers who reported always wearing a seat belt.

Municipality

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by municipality in the percentage of Halton drivers who reported always wearing a seat belt.

Income

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by income in the percentage of Halton drivers who reported always wearing a seat belt.

Education

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by education in the percentage of Halton drivers who reported always wearing a seat belt.

Seat Belt Use Among Passengers

Sex

  • In 2015, Halton females were more likely than males to report always wearing a seat belt as a passenger and this difference was statistically significant.

Age

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by age in the percentage of Halton adults who reported always wearing a seat belt as a passenger.

Municipality

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by municipality in the percentage of Halton adults who reported always wearing a seat belt as a passenger.

Income

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by income in the percentage of Halton adults who reported always wearing a seat belt as a passenger.

Education

  • In 2015, there were no statistically significant differences by education in the percentage of Halton adults who reported always wearing their seat belt as a passenger.

References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2016. Injury Prevention and Control: Motor Vehicle Safety. Accessed September 2016 (external link)
  2. US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2000. Fatality reduction by safety belts for front-seat occupants of cars and light trucks. Accessed September 2016 (external PDF)
  3. Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators Standing Committee on Road Safety Research and Policies. 2010. Speed and Intersection Safety Management Annual Monitoring Report. Accessed September 2016 (external PDF)
  4. Transport Canada. 2011. Road Safety in Canada. Accessed September 2016 (external link)