Natural Family Planning

The Fertility Awareness Method (FAM) or Natural Family Planning (NFP) involve taking a number of classes to learn about the woman's cycle and finding out which days a woman is most likely to be most fertile. This method of birth control is also known as the rhythm method.

How does the fertility awareness method/natural family planning work?

  • When a couple knows which days the woman is most fertile, they avoid having sex, or use a reliable method of birth control around that time to avoid pregnancy .

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How effective is it?

  • The fertility awareness/natural family planning method is between 80 and 90% effective in against pregnancy. The effectiveness depends on whether or not the method is used correctly.
  • This method of birth control does not provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) .

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How do I use the natural family planning method of birth control?

  • Using different methods of how to keep track of your menstrual cycle will let you know when you ovulate.
  • Keeping track of your temperature with a special thermometer, as well as looking for changes in your vaginal mucus will also tell you when you are ovulating.

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Where can I find out more about natural family planning?

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Who can use this?

  • Women who have regular periods, and couples who are in monogamous (committed) relationships have better success with the fertility awareness method/natural family planning.

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What are the advantages and disadvantages to using this type of birth control?

Advantages:

  • Increases knowledge of female reproductive system.
  • Does not involve the use of hormones.
  • The fertility awareness method/natural family planning is a natural form of birth control.

Disadvantages:

  • This type of birth control does not provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) .
  • Both partners must be committed to use of this method.
  • This method of birth control cannot be used by women who have irregular periods.

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