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Sustainable Halton Technical Reports - Phase One

For Phase One, we commissioned 22 technical reports to help understand the issues around growth management and land use planning in Halton from 2021 to 2031.

These reports are organized in 3 categories for you - evaluation framework, environment and people.

Evaluation Framework

Evaluation Framework contains the reports looking at high level growth concepts and land use options identified during Phase One of the Sustainable Halton process.

Land Use Concepts and Evaluation Framework

Final Sustainable Halton Evaluation FrameworkAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1.7MB
This framework will be used to create a series of growth concepts and provide the tools necessary to assist in refining these concepts down to a short list of growth and land use management options.

Working Paper #1: Land Use

Sustainable Halton, Working Paper #1: Locating New Urban LandAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1.7MB This working paper outlines a process for choosing which undeveloped, urban land (Designated Greenfield Areas) inside the PSA should be developed in the future.

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Environment contains reports that on Halton's physical and natural environment. These reports cover information and suggest policy direction for: aggregates, agricultural needs, climate change, energy needs and options, a Natural Heritage System, land use, and fresh water needs and options.


Aggregates Resources StrategyAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)6MB This report suggests direction for policy, land use, resource conservation and rehabilitation, and conformity with key provincial legislation and regional plans for shale deposits located in Halton Region's Primary Study Area.


Agricultural Countryside VisionAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1MB This report assesses the feasibility of retaining a permanent agricultural presence in the Primary Study Area and outside of the Greenbelt in Halton Region. It also describes how this goal could be achieved within a regional countryside vision.

Climate Change

Climate ChangeAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1MB This study provides an overview of current information on Climate Change. As well, it outlines how elements of the Sustainable Halton Plan might contribute to reducing the region's future greenhouse gas emissions as well as anticipating and adapting to possible changes resulting from Climate Change.


Energy Demand and SupplyAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)661KB This report focuses on existing energy supply facilities and future supply requirements. It also analyzes energy demand reduction possibilities through land use planning and housing density policies.

Natural Environment

Options for A Natural Heritage System in HaltonAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)2MB As Halton Region's population increases, we need to accommodate growth in an orderly, planned manner that maintains the quality of life, encourages healthy living and preserves our natural environment. This report outlines three options for creating a Natural Heritage System in Halton Region.

Water and Wastewater Infrastructure

Water and Wastewater InfrastructureAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)200KB This background study provides an overview of current, planned and potential water and wastewater infrastructure for Halton Region.
Appendix AAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1MB Current Water and Waste Water Systems In Halton Region.
Appendix B -

Project Descriptions and Location of Water Capital ProjectsAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1.2MB

Project Descriptions and Location of Wastewater Capital ProjectsAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1.2MB

Development Water and Wastewater Capital Projects (2007-2016)

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The People section contains research reports on local archaeology, health, housing, land supply, transportation considerations and waste management.


Archaeological ResourcesAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)455KB A total of 135 archaeological sites have been documented within or immediately adjacent to Halton Region. These sites date from circa 10,000 B.C. to the nineteenth century A.D.

This report provides a summary of the relevant policies from the various archaeological and cultural heritage documents that should be considered as part of the planning review for the Sustainable Halton Plan.


Community Food SecurityAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1.36MB Land use planning decisions of the Sustainable Halton process can affect the community's ability to attain and maintain community food security. Given this potential impact on food supplies, this report:
  • Reviews the importance of preserving agricultural lands for food production
  • Describes the community health benefits of a local food supply, and
  • Discusses the impact of community design on community food security including the placement of food retail outlets, planning for affordable housing, and allowing for urban agriculture.
Appendix One - Canada Food Guide External Link  
Appendix Two - The Price of Eating Well in HaltonAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)312KB
Healthy Community PrinciplesAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)437KB This report describes the Healthy Communities model, its qualities and process, and details how the Healthy Communities model can be applied to land-use planning projects, especially Sustainable Halton.
Human ServicesAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)612KB Human services include, but are not limited to, community health and social services, schools, hospitals, police, housing providers, municipal recreation departments, and non-profit and voluntary services.

This paper recommends an integrated approach to community and social services as part of land use planning.

Physical Activity and the Built EnvironmentAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)740KB Our built environments - homes, schools, workplaces and communities - can either encourage or discourage physical activity. This report outlines the benefits and options to designing Complete Communities that encourage regular physical activity.


Housing DirectionsAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1.3MB Creating Complete Communities includes providing a range of housing to meet residents' needs over their lifetimes. This report examines housing mix options outlined in regional and provincial policy initiatives. It also offers a framework for creating a balanced mix of housing types to meet density, accessibility, affordability and other requirements.

Land Supply

Land Supply AnalysisAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)351KB This report analyzes the range of urban residential and employment land that may be required to accommodate growth in Halton to 2031.
Regional Land AnalysisAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)734KB The Regional Land Analysis analyzes Halton through the lens of land use and breaks Halton Region up into five major land use types. It also provides the basis for land use analysis and definitions of key terms used in developing the Sustainable Halton plan.

Finally, it provides an overview of what land is currently designated for environmental purposes, what is currently designated for urban use and what areas could be designated for urban use.

Urban Structure: Potential Long-Term Growth AreasAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)478KB This report discusses potential locations for new urban employment and residential areas in Halton within the Sustainable Halton Primary Study Area.
Towards An Intensification StrategyAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)778KB Housing intensification is one of the major challenges for the Sustainable Halton plan. This short report outlines the intensification strategies that will be examined later in the research process.
Explaining DensityAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)800KB This report details the range of density options available to Halton Region including the Local Municipalities in Halton, and evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of the various options.
Effect of Demographic Change on Halton RegionAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1MB Halton Region's population is going to increase significantly over the next 25 years. The demographic changes that accompany this growth will change the employment and residential lands needs of the region.

This report outlines how these changes may also significantly affect municipal and agency service delivery over the next 25 years. It shows how the primary driver of this change will likely be the distribution of the population across different age groups from pre-school to elderly (age structure) .


Transportation InfrastructureAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)414KB

Appendix AAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)2.5MB

Appendices B to DAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)1.8MB

Appendices E to GAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)2.6MB

Transportation covers roadway improvements, transit initiatives, transportation supply management and transportation demand management. This study provides an overview of current, planned and potential transportation improvements in Halton Region and surrounding regional municipalities.

Waste Management

Waste Management FacilitiesAdobe Portable Document Format (PDF)796KB This report provides a review of the 2006-2010 Solid Waste Management Strategy and future potential waste management infrastructure requirements to 2031 for Halton Region. It also provides a policy framework for the management of municipal solid waste when developing future areas in Halton.

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